The Mystery Of The African Pharaohs

Sudan - Kingdom Of Kush


David Adams explores the stories of the African pharaohs in Sudan. Sudan is one of the remaining frontiers in the world. Once upon a time, this vast desert country was home to a sophisticated and intriguing civilisation. An ancient monarchy that was Africa’s crown jewel. Egypt was previously ruled by a kingdom. Kush is the name of a kingdom. On a journey into the land of the Black Pharaohs, David Adams goes down the Nile from Lake Nasser to Khartoum in pursuit of the enigmatic country of pyramid builders and sun worshippers.

Kingdom Of Kush

The Kingdom of Kush was an ancient kingdom in Nubia. Centered along the Nile Valley in what is now northern Sudan and southern Egypt. The region of Nubia was an early cradle of civilization. Producing several complex societies that engaged in trade and industry.

The city-state of Kerma emerged as the dominant political force between 2450 and 1450 BC. Controlling the Nile Valley between the first and fourth cataracts, an area as large as Egypt. The Egyptians were the first to identify Kerma as “Kush”. Over the next several centuries the two civilizations engaged in intermittent warfare, trade, and cultural exchange.

King Kashta (“the Kushite”) peacefully became King of Upper Egypt. While his daughter, Amenirdis, was appointed as Divine Adoratrice of Amun in Thebes. Piye invaded Lower Egypt in the eighth century BC. Establishing the Kushite-ruled Twenty-fifth Dynasty. Piye’s daughter, Shepenupet II, was also appointed Divine Adoratrice of Amun.

The monarchs of Kush ruled Egypt for over a century until the Assyrian conquest.

Long overshadowed by its more prominent Egyptian neighbor. Archaeological discoveries since the late 20th century have revealed Kush to be an advanced civilization in its own right. The Kushites had their own unique language and script. Maintained a complex economy based on trade and industry. Mastered archery and developed a complex, urban society with uniquely high levels of female participation.

There is much to suggest that the archeology of the future will reveal an even more significant role for the black rulers.

Image: Hans Ollermann

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