In Remote Sudan, The Darfur War Remains Present

Darfur Genocide

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The Darfur genocide in Sudan received widespread media coverage across the world and led to the arrest of the country’s former leader, Omar al Bashir. Traveling by car, by donkey, and on foot, Special Correspondent Benedict Moran and video journalist Jorgen Samso visited a rebel stronghold in Darfur’s remote Jebel Marra mountains. There, they found rebels unwilling to put down their guns, and isolated communities for whom the war has never ended.

Darfur Genocide

The Darfur genocide is the systematic killing of ethnic Darfuri people. Which has occurred during the ongoing conflict in Western Sudan. It has become known as the first genocide of the 21st century. The genocide, which is being carried out against the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa tribes, has led the International Criminal Court to indict several people for crimes against humanity.

According to Eric Reeves, more than one million children have been “killed, raped, wounded, displaced, traumatized. Or endured the loss of parents and families”.

The BBC first reported on the issue of ethnic cleansing in November 2003. An administrator from the United States Agency for International Development giving testimony to congress mentioned ethnic cleansing and the “population clearance” which was occurring in Darfur

The use of rape as a tool of genocide has been noted. This crime has been carried out by Sudanese government forces and the Janjaweed paramilitary groups.

Sudan Liberation Army

The Sudan Liberation Army is a Sudanese rebel group active in Darfur. It was founded as the Darfur Liberation Front by members of three indigenous ethnic groups in Darfur.

General Omar al-Bashir and the National Islamic Front headed by Dr. Hassan al-Turabi overthrew the Sudanese government in 1989. A large section of the population in Darfur, particularly the non-Arab ethnicities in the region, became increasingly marginalized.

These feelings were crystallized by the publication in 2000 of The Black Book, which detailed the structural inequity in the Sudan that denies non-Arabs equal justice and power sharing.

In 2002 Abdul Wahid al Nur, a lawyer, Ahmad Abdel Shafi Bassey, an education student, and a third man founded the Darfur Liberation Front. Which subsequently evolved into the Sudan Liberation Movement and claimed to represent all of the oppressed in the Sudan.

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