Upper Nile State: Following weeks of violence, OCHA and UNMISS representation gained access to Kodok and undertook an assessment of the situation. There is an ongoing military operation against the aggressors. The aggressors had been pushed away from Kodok, and that efforts are in place to protect Kodok town and the people there. The affected people urgently need assistance.

KHARTOUM DECEMBER 11: Following weeks of violence, threats of attack, and massive population movement, on 9 December an inter-agency mission with OCHA and UNMISS representation gained access to Kodok and undertook an assessment of the situation the population are experiencing.

During the mission, the team were informed that as of 8 December, the conflict situation had calmed. However, there is an ongoing military operation against the aggressors. Authorities indicated that the aggressors had been pushed away from Kodok, and that efforts are in place to protect Kodok town and the people there. There were reports of unknown numbers of civilians killed, children who drowned, and numerous episodes of cattle raiding during the violence.

Huge numbers of people are displaced. The numbers are yet to be verified. Local authorities estimate there may be as many as 40,000 people in Kodok. Following a head count, the humanitarian team estimate that a potential 21,000 displaced people have gathered in Kodok.

There are reports that many people are hiding in the bush and will try to make their way to urban centres, including Kodok, Malakal, and Melut. There are an unconfirmed number of people displaced in Melut.

The displaced are concentrated in two locations – Kodok town and next to the UNMISS COB. People are scattered under trees in the open, some are re-using old worn-out metal sheeting as makeshift shelter, and other families have occupied government buildings.

The affected people urgently need assistance. They have not received any food assistance since their arrival to Kodok, and people are sharing food with the local community. No health services have been provided in the past weeks due to lack of medicines.

Humanitarian teams are preparing a scale up in the response. Some of the NGOs present in Kodok have continued to provide response support in term of health, nutrition and other support. However, the scope, scale and severity of need is such that significant up scale is needed to support the affected population.

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Image: Linda Tom/UNMISS

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